Культовая проституция на древнем Ближнем Востоке: современное состояние вопроса

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Аннотация

Начиная с 1970-х годов существование культовой проституции на древнем Ближнем Востоке стало подвергаться сомнению. В данной статье представлен обзор современных подходов к наиболее обсуждаемым текстам, которые прежде понимались как свидетельства в пользу существования культовой проституции. В статье рассматриваются следующие тексты: Геродот, История 1.199; гимн шумерского царя Иддин-Дагана А 180-192; аккадские тексты, в которых соседствуют термины ḳadištu ‘жрица’ и ḫarimtu ‘проститутка’; тексты Еврейской Библии, в которых встречается термин ḳǝdēšā (Быт 38:21-22, Втор 23:18, Ос 4:14). В заключение дана краткая оценка современного состояния вопроса.

Об авторе

Виктория Рафаиловна Гордон
Институт восточных рукописей РАН
Россия


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Дополнительные файлы

Для цитирования: Гордон В.Р. Культовая проституция на древнем Ближнем Востоке: современное состояние вопроса. Вестник РГГУ Серия «История. Филология. Культурология. Востоковедение». 2016;(6):50-80.

For citation: Gordon V. Cultic prostitution in the ancient Near East. The current state of the issue. RSUH/RGGU BULLETIN. Series: History. Philology. Cultural Studies. Oriental Studies. 2016;(6):50-80. (In Russ.)

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